Projects

All projects Privacy Protection & CryptographyBlockchains & Smart ContractsSoftware VerificationDevice & System SecurityMachine LearningFinanceHealthGovernment & HumanitarianCritical InfrastructureDigital Information
Feb 2021 → Feb 2023 Project
Ongoing

PriBAD: Private Biometrics for Aid Distribution

Partner: ICRC, funded by HAC
Partner contact: Vincent Graf
EPFL laboratory: Security and Privacy Engineering Laboratory (SPRING)
EPFL contact: Prof. Carmela Troncoso, Wouter Lueks

In this project, we work on providing a privacy-preserving biometric solution for humanitarian aid distribution. The project seeks to understand the requirements of aid distribution in emergency situation and design a solution that enables the use of biometrics without endangering the beneficiaries that need access to aid.

TopicsPrivacy Protection & CryptographyGovernment & Humanitarian

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Jan 2021 → Dec 2022 Project
Ongoing

What If....? Pandemic Policy Decision Support System

Partner: Swiss RE
Partner contact: Mary-Anne Hartley
EPFL laboratory: Machine Learning and Optimization Laboratory (MLO), intelligent Global Health Research group
EPFL contact: Mary-Anne Hartley, Prof. Martin Jaggi, Prakhar Gupta, Giorgio Mannarini, Francesco Posa

After 18 months of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, there is still no agreement on the optimal combination of mitigation strategies. The efficacy and collateral damage of pandemic policies are dependent on constantly evolving viral epidemiology as well as the volatile distribution of socioeconomic and cultural factors. This study proposes a data-driven approach to quantify the efficacy of the type, duration, and stringency of COVID-19 mitigation policies in terms of transmission control and economic loss, personalised to individual countries.

TopicsMachine LearningHealthGovernment & Humanitarian

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Dec 2020 → Jun 2021 Project

Distributed Privacy-Preserving Insurance Insight-Sharing Platform

Partner: Swiss Re
Partner contact: Sebastian Eckhardt
EPFL laboratory: Laboratory for Data Security (LDS)
EPFL contact: Prof. Jean-Pierre Hubaux, Juan Troncoso, Romain Bouyé

The collection and analysis of risk data are essential for the insurance-business model. The models for evaluating risk and predicting events that trigger insurance policies are based on knowledge derived from risk data. The purpose of this project is to assess the scalability and flexibility of the software-based secure computing techniques in an insurance benchmarking scenario and to demonstrate the range of analytics capabilities they provide. These techniques offer provable technological guarantees that only authorized users can access the global models (fraud and loss models) based on the data of a network of collaborating organizations. The system relies on a fully distributed architecture without a centralized database, and implements advanced privacy-protection techniques based on multiparty homomorphic encryption, which makes it possible to efficiently compute machine-learning models on encrypted distributed data.

TopicsPrivacy Protection & CryptographyMachine LearningFinance

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Oct 2020 → Sep 2023 Project
Ongoing

Multi-Task Learning for Customer Understanding

Partner: Swisscom
Partner contact: Dan-Cristian Tomozei
EPFL laboratory: Signal Processing Laboratory (LTS4)
EPFL contact: Prof. Pascal Frossard, Nikolaos Dimitriadis

Customer understanding is a ubiquitous and multifaceted business application whose mission lies in providing better experiences to customers by recognising their needs. A multitude of tasks, ranging from churn prediction to accepting upselling recommendations, fall under this umbrella. Common approaches model each task separately and neglect the common structure some tasks may share. The purpose of this project is to leverage multi-task learning to better understand the behaviour of customers by modeling similar tasks into a single model. This multi-objective approach utilises the information of all involved tasks to generate a common embedding that can be beneficial to all and provide insights into the connection between different user behaviours, i.e. tasks. The project will provide data-driven insights into customer needs leading to retention as well as revenue maximisation while providing a better user experience.

TopicsMachine LearningDigital Information

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Sep 2020 → Dec 2021 Project

Risk & returns around FOMC press conferences: a novel perspective from computer vision

Partner: Swissquote
Partner contact: Serge Kassibrakis
EPFL laboratory: Swiss Finance Institute @ EPFL
EPFL contact: Prof. Damir Filipovic, Alexis Marchal

I propose a new tool to characterize the resolution of uncertainty around FOMC press conferences. It relies on the construction of a measure capturing the level of discussion complexity between the Fed Chair and reporters during the Q&A sessions. I show that complex discussions are associated with higher equity returns and a drop in realized volatility. The method creates an attention score by quantifying how much the Chair needs to rely on reading internal documents to be able to answer a question. This is accomplished by building a novel dataset of video images of the press conferences and leveraging recent deep learning algorithms from computer vision. This alternative data provides new information on nonverbal communication that cannot be extracted from the widely analyzed FOMC transcripts. This paper can be seen as a proof of concept that certain videos contain valuable information for the study of financial markets.

TopicsMachine LearningFinance

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Sep 2020 → Dec 2021 Project

Secure Distributed-Learning on Threat Intelligence

Partner: armasuisse
Partner contact: Alain Mermoud
EPFL laboratory: Laboratory for Data Security (LDS)
EPFL contact: Prof. Jean-Pierre Hubaux, Juan Troncoso, Romain Bouyé

Cyber security information is often extremely sensitive and confidential, it introduces a tradeoff between the benefits of improved threat-response capabilities and the drawbacks of disclosing national-security-related information to foreign agencies or institutions. This results in the retention of valuable information (a.k.a. as the free-rider problem), which considerably limits the efficacy of data sharing. The purpose of this project is to resolve the cybersecurity information-sharing tradeoff by enabling more accurate insights on larger amounts of more relevant collective threat-intelligence data. This project will have the benefit of enabling institutions to build better models by securely collaborating with valuable sensitive data that is not normally shared. This will expand the range of available intelligence, thus leading to new and better threat analyses and predictions.

TopicsPrivacy Protection & CryptographyMachine Learning

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Mar 2020 → Mar 2022 Project

Technology Monitoring and Management (TMM)

Partner: armasuisse
Partner contact: Alain Mermoud
EPFL laboratory: Distributed Information Systems Laboratory (LSIR)
EPFL contact: Prof. Karl Aberer, Chi Thang Duong

The objective of the TMM project is to identify, at an early stage, the risks associated with new technologies and develop solutions to ward off such threats. It also aims to assess existing products and applications to pinpoint vulnerabilities. In that process, artificial intelligence and machine learning will play an important part. The main goal of this project is to automatically identify technology offerings of Swiss companies especially in the cyber security domain. This also includes identifying key stakeholders in these companies, possible patents, published scientific papers.

TopicsMachine Learning

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Mar 2020 → Feb 2021 Project

ROBIN - Robust Machine Learning

Partner: armasuisse
Partner contact: Gérôme Bovet
EPFL laboratory: Signal Processing Laboratory (LTS4)
EPFL contact: Prof. Pascal Frossard

In communication systems, there are many tasks, like modulation recognition, for which Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have obtained promising performance. However, these models have been shown to be susceptible to adversarial perturbations, namely imperceptible additive noise crafted to induce misclassification. This raises questions about the security but also the general trust in model predictions. In this project, we propose to use adversarial training, which consists of fine-tuning the model with adversarial perturbations, to increase the robustness of automatic modulation recognition (AMC) models. We show that current state-of-the-art models benefit from adversarial training, which mitigates the robustness issues for some families of modulations. We use adversarial perturbations to visualize the features learned, and we found that in robust models the signal symbols are shifted towards the nearest classes in constellation space, like maximum likelihood methods. This confirms that robust models not only are more secure, but also more interpretable, building their decisions on signal statistics that are relevant to modulation recognition.

TopicsDevice & System SecurityMachine Learning

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Nov 2019 → Dec 2021 Project

Deep Learning for Asset Bubbles Detection

Partner: Swissquote
Partner contact: Serge Kassibrakis
EPFL laboratory: Swiss Finance Institute @ EPFL
EPFL contact: Prof. Damir Filipovic, Alexis Marchal

We develop a methodology for detecting asset bubbles using a neural network. We rely on the theory of local martingales in continuous-time and use a deep network to estimate the diffusion coefficient of the price process more accurately than the current estimator, obtaining an improved detection of bubbles. We show the outperformance of our algorithm over the existing statistical method in a laboratory created with simulated data. We then apply the network classification to real data and build a zero net exposure trading strategy that exploits the risky arbitrage emanating from the presence of bubbles in the US equity market from 2006 to 2008. The profitability of the strategy provides an estimation of the economical magnitude of bubbles as well as support for the theoretical assumptions relied on.

TopicsMachine LearningFinance

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